The paper I authored together with my dear friend Alan Kennedy, analyzes a more resilient transport mode, ocean freight, to supplement road and air freight.
“There is little doubt that the long-haul transportation of COVID-19 vaccines and other vital pharmaceuticals needs to be conducted in a manner that is coordinated, integrated, multi-modal, affordable, sustainable, and reliable. Practically speaking, this will require a shift from airfreight to sea freight for a proportion of COVID-19 vaccines and other medicines.“
To download the paper http://kartoglu.ch/papers/2020-IPI-Winter.pdf
To download the IPI Journal Winter 2020 issue https://issuu.com/mark123/docs/2020-ipi-winter-web_compressed?fbclid=IwAR1DGpmZgpRZPlKHvDq5h4RdZaDFe2joLSAf6buTAG1c4947oopy0xABle4