Evaluation of the Protection Provided by Hepatitis B Vaccination in India

Objective: In India, Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended at 6 wk except for hospital-deliveries. The authors examined protection afforded by the birth dose. Methods: A case-control study was done. HBsAg and HBcAb were tested in 2671 children, 1 to 5 y and HBsAb was evaluated in a subset of 1413 children. Vaccination history was recorded. Cases were HBsAg carriers. In another analysis, children who got infected (HBsAg and/or HBcAb positive) were considered as cases. Exposed were the unvaccinated. In another analysis, exposed were those vaccinated without the birth dose. Results: The odds ratio (OR) for HBsAg positivity with birth vaccination was 0.35 (95% CI 0.19–0.66); while with vaccination at 6 wk was 0.29 (95%CI 0.14–0.61), both compared to unvaccinated. Birth vaccination has no added protection when compared to the unvaccinated. Unvaccinated children in index study had HBsAg positivity of 4.38%. The number needed to treat (NNT) to prevent one case of HBsAg positivity was 32.6 (95% CI, 20.9 to 73.6

The Indian Journal of Pediatrics
First online

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Added on: 12 January, 2018
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