Showing 65 of 65 results

Hannah Sella, Ali Assi, S. Michelle Driedger, Ève Dubé, Arnaud Gagneur, Samantha B. Meyer, Joan Robinson, Manish Sadarangani, Matthew Tunis, Shannon E. MacDonald
In Canada, the COVID-19 pandemic has interrupted many routine health services, placed additional strain on the health care system, and resulted in many Canadians being either unable or unwilling to...
Shaun K. Morris, Sharon Burey, Pierre-Philippe Piché-Renaud, Michelle Science, Mark Feldman, Jeremy N. Friedman, Ian Kitai, Daniel S. Farrar, Catherine Ji
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has a worldwide impact on all health services, including childhood immunizations. In Canada, there is limited data to quantify and characterize this issue. Methods...
Allison Gates, Sholeh Rahman, Shannon Sim, Jennifer Pillay, Shainoor J. Ismail, Matthew C. Tunis, Diana Keto-Lambert, Lisa Hartling
The National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) makes recommendations for vaccines in Canada. To inform considerations for equity when making recommendations, the NACI Secretariat developed a...
Noni E. MacDonald, Jeannette L. Comeau, Ève Dubé, Lucie M. Bucci
COVID-19 has led to disruption in routine immunization programs around the globe and in Canada. The National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) in Canada has indicated that this sets the stage...
Milhomme P
This report details the danger of freezing vaccine as illustrated by epidemics of whooping cough among children who have received the pertussis vaccine. One factor contributing to the delivery of...
Heather MacDougall et al.
Experts have pointed to apathy as a key factor in the ongoing battle to eliminate measles transmission through universal vaccination. Apathy has taken many forms in Canada since the 1960s and could...
Anika Singanayagam, Maria Zambon, Ajit Lalvani, Wendy Barclay
Conflicting reports have emerged about the effectiveness of the live attenuated influenza vaccine. The live attenuated influenza vaccine appears to protect particularly poorly against currently...
Philippe De Wals et al.
Background: In Quebec, 7-valent (PCV7), 10-valent (PCV10) and 13-valent (PCV13) pneumococcal conjugate vaccines were successively used for the immunization of children according to a 2+1 doses...
Home-based record (HBR) for Canada-Manitoba circa 2015
Timothy Caulfield et al.
There is growing controversy about vaccination rates in Canada. A significant percentage of the population is uncertain about the science of vaccines, and in some areas ‘herd immunity\' is being...
Marie-ClaudeRousseau et al.
Background: In the province of Québec, Canada, the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine was offered to newborns and school-age children from the 1950s to mid-1970s in an organized tuberculosis...
Samara Perez et al.
Background: HPV vaccination uptake in boys is suboptimal in many jurisdictions, particularly in the absence of publicly funded HPV vaccination programs. Parents represent key decision-makers of HPV...
Cristina Pedreira et al.
The synchronized introduction of the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) and the switch from trivalent oral polio vaccine (tOPV) to bivalent oral polio vaccine (bOPV) has constituted an effort without...
Despite its promise, however, the digital health landscape today is highly fragmented. The result is a myriad of digital health projects and applications that rarely reach scale and if they were to...
Julie A. Bettinger, Natasha Crowcroft, Shelley L. Deeks, Dean Fergusson, Kim Marty, Cameron Bell, Jacqueline Westeinde, Katherine M. Atkinson, Kumanan Wilson
The Canadian National Vaccine Safety network (CANVAS) gathers and analyzes safety data on individuals receiving the influenza vaccine during the early stages of annual influenza vaccination campaigns...
Burgess, Kathleen, Atkinson, Katherine M, Westeinde, Jacqueline, Crowcroft, Natasha, Deeks, Shelley L, Wilson, Kumanan
BACKGROUND Barriers and facilitators of mobile app adoption are not known. This study examined usage of a new Pan-Canadian immunization app to identify factors that contributed to usage. METHODS...
Kumanan Wilson, Steven Hawken, Natasha Crowcroft, Shelley L. Deeks, Sarah E. Wilson, Robin Ducharme, Jacqueline Westeinde, Katherine M. Atkinson
Mobile applications have the potential to influence vaccination behavior, including on-time vaccination. We sought to determine whether the use of a mobile immunization app was associated with the...
Tharmalingam, Sukirtha, Hagens, Simon, Zelmer, Jennifer
BACKGROUND As health care becomes more complex, it becomes more important for clinicians and patients to share information. Electronic health information exchange can help address this need. To this...
Guo X et al.
BACKGROUND: Children under the age of 12 months may receive an early dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to provide short-term protection in the case of a disease outbreak. Following a...
David N. Durrheim et al.
Tremendous progress has been made globally to reduce the contribution of measles to the burden of childhood deaths and measles cases have dramatically decreased with increased two dose...
David W. Scheifele
Funded immunization programs are best able to achieve high participation rates, optimal protection of the target population, and indirect protection of others. However, in many countries public...
Francisco Noya et al.
To describe the immunogenicity and safety of a two-dose series of a quadrivalent meningococcal (serogroups A, C, Y and W) polysaccharide diphtheria toxoid conjugate vaccine (MenACYW-D) administered...
Pereira JA et al.
BACKGROUND: As part of a series of feasibility studies following the development of Canadian vaccine barcode standards, we compared barcode scanning with manual methods for entering vaccine data...
Vaghefi, Isaac, Hughes, John B, Law, Susan, Lortie, Michel, Leaver, Chad, Lapointe, Liette
BACKGROUND: Practice-based population health (PBPH) management is the proactive management of patients by their primary care clinical team. The ability of clinics to engage in PBPH and the means by...
Ramírez-Ramírez, Lilia L, Gel, Yulia R, Thompson, Mary, de Villa, Eileen, McPherson, Matt
In this paper we discuss the SIMID tool for simulation of the spread of infectious disease, enabling spatio-temporal visualization of the dynamics of influenza outbreaks. SIMID is based on modern...
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the temporal, spatial, and spatio-temporal variation of immunization rates for measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) immunization in the province of Alberta. The study uses...
Pina Bozzo et al.
Exposure to either live or inactive vaccines during pregnancy has not been associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, and no child to date has been born with CRS or varicella...
Jeannette L. Comeau et al.
In November 2011, the province of Quebec, Canada implemented a publicly funded rotavirus (RV) vaccination program using the monovalent RV vaccine (RV1). To assess its impact, trends in passive RV...
Philip S. Watsona & David P.J. Turnerb
Although rare, invasive meningococcal disease remains an important cause of mortality and morbidity in children and young adults. Vaccines have been successfully introduced to help protect against...
Anna Taddio, Moshe Ipp, Suganthan Thivakaran, Ali Jamal, Chaitya Parikh, Sarah Smart, Julia Sovran, Derek Stephens, Joel Katz
Needle fears are a documented barrier to immunization in children and adults. There is a paucity of data, however, regarding the prevalence of needle fears and their impact on immunization...
Donna M. MacDougall et al.
In Canada, rotavirus vaccine is recommended for all infants, but not all provinces/territories have publicly funded programs. The researchers compared public and healthcare provider (HCP) knowledge,...
David N Fisman et al.
Pertussis continues to challenge medical professionals; recently described increases in incidence may be due to age-cohort effects, vaccine effectiveness, or changes in testing patterns. Toronto,...
Deeks SL et al.
This investigation was done to assess vaccine effectiveness of one and two doses of the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine during an outbreak of mumps in Ontario. The level of coverage...
Sophie M Andrews & Andrew J Pollard
Neisseria meningitidis is an important cause of invasive bacterial infection in children worldwide. Although serogroup C meningococcal disease has all but disappeared in the past decade as a direct...
Amir Attaran, Jason W. Nickerson
A decade ago, Canadian Government scientists invented a vaccine against Ebola virus (VSV-ZEBOV).1 That vaccine is based on a live attenuated vesicular stomatitis virus, and has several known...
Heidebrecht C et al.
Th study concludes that scannable forms can facilitate efficient data entry, but certain features of the forms, as well as the workflow and infrastructure into which they are incorporated, should be...
Kumanan Wilson et al.
Digital technology has created an opportunity to reenvision the traditional immunization paper record. We describe our experience developing a government endorsed mobile immunization record in...
Kumanan Wilson et al.
The researchers analyzed data on children born between April 1st 2002 and March 31st 2009 in the province of Ontario. Using the self-controlled case series design, they examined the risk of the...
Jacqueline Westeinde, Katherine M. Atkinson, Kumanan Wilson
Mobile technology and applications (apps) have disrupted several industries including healthcare. The advantage of apps, being personally focused and permitting bidirectional communication, make them...
W R Bowie, Julie A. Bettinger, Anne E. McCarthy, B L Coleman, Gaston De Serres, I Rouleau, James D. Kellner, L Valiquette, M C Gariépy, Otto G. Vanderkooi, S A McNeil
In 2011 and 2012, a nationwide Canadian vaccine safety surveillance network rapidly collected safety data from healthcare workers (HCW) during the first weeks of the annual influenza vaccination...
Silas P Trumbo et al.
Governments have the authority and responsibility to ensure vaccination for all citizens. The development of vaccination legislation in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) parallels the emergence...
Dante Pascali, Shelley L Deeks, Sarah E Wilson, Jacqueline Westeinde, Robin Ducharme, Katherine M Atkinson, Kumanan Wilson
Sub-optimal vaccination coverage and recent outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases serve as a reminder that vaccine hesitancy remains a concern. ImmunizeCA- a new smartphone app to help track...
Emery Berg, Bonnie Urquhart, Waqar Haque, Ramandeep Dhanoa
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations gather large volumes of data- which has been traditionally stored in legacy formats making it difficult to analyze or use effectively. Though recent...
Kershaw T., Cushon J., Dunlop, T.
High rates of vaccine coverage among populations, such as children, are important for immunizations to provide herd immunity.a In 2006, we found statistically significant differences (i.e.,...
Lukasik- M H & Pratt- G
Annual influenza vaccination has long been recommended for the elderly population. Despite this recommendation- immunization rates have remained very low. This study measured the effects of two...
Rousseau- Marie-Claude, Conus- Florence, Li- Jun, Parent- Marie-élise & El-Zein- Mariam
BACKGROUND: Vaccination registries have undoubtedly proven useful for estimating vaccination coverage as well as examining vaccine safety and effectiveness. However- their use for population health...
Onta- S R, Sabroe- S & Hansen- E H
Reported high immunization coverage achieved in Nepal over the last ten years is expected to reduce child mortality in the country. The present study- carried out in hill district in mid-west Nepal-...
Pereira- Jennifer A, Quach- Susan, Hamid- Jemila S, Quan- Sherman D, Diniz- Amanda Jane, Van Exan- Robert, Malawski- Jeffrey, Finkelstein- Michael, Samanani- Salim & Kwong- Jeffrey C
BACKGROUND: As part of a series of feasibility studies following the development of Canadian vaccine barcode standards- we compared barcode scanning with manual methods for entering vaccine data into...
MacDonald- Shannon E, Schopflocher- Donald P & Golonka- Richard P
BACKGROUND: Accurate classification of children's immunization status is essential for clinical care- administration and evaluation of immunization programs- and vaccine program research....
Ford-Jones- A
This article describes Immunization Tracker, a simple system to create customized letters for each child showing the dates of following immunizations. Based on a computer program, the immunization...
Heidebrecht- Christine L, Foisy- Julie, Pereira- Jennifer A, Quan- Sherman D, Willison- Donald J, Deeks- Shelley L, Finkelstein- Michael, Crowcroft- Natasha S, Buckeridge- David L, Guay- Maryse, Sikora- Christopher A & Kwong- Jeffrey C
BACKGROUND: Immunization information systems (IISs) are electronic registries used to monitor individual vaccination status and assess vaccine coverage. IISs are currently not widely used across...
van Lier- A, Oomen- P, de Hoogh- P, Drijfhout- I, Elsinghorst- B, Kemmeren- J, Conyn-van Spaendonck- M & de Melker- H
Vaccination coverage is an important performance indicator of any national immunisation programme (NIP). To monitor the vaccination coverage in the Netherlands- an electronic national immunisation...
Boulianne- N, Hemon- Y A, Mawhinney- T, Strong- D, Gemmill- I, Dobson- S, Sartison- E, Sargent- M, Naus- M, Tuchscherer- R, Craig- E, Watkins- K & Schouten- H
The cornerstone of any immunization registry is its ability to evaluate whether an individual\'s immunization history is complete and up to date. This functionality is used to identify individuals...
Haimes, K. et al.
A survey was completed by provincial/territorial representatives of the Canadian Immunization Registry Network (CIRN) on the standards used for provincial/territorial coverage reporting. The results...
Roberts- J D, Poffenroth- L A, Roos- L L, Bebchuk- J D & Carter- A O
In Manitoba- Canada- a centralized- computerized childhood immunization monitoring system serves a population with insured medical coverage/ each individual has a unique identification number. All...
Heidebrecht- Christine L, Quach- Susan, Pereira- Jennifer A, Quan- Sherman D, Kolbe- Faron, Finkelstein- Michael, Buckeridge- David L & Kwong- Jeffrey C
INTRODUCTION: Individual-level immunization data captured electronically can facilitate evidence-based decision-making and planning. Populating individual-level records through manual data entry is...
Guttmann- Astrid, Shulman- Rayzel & Manuel- Doug
This article discusses the state of the Canadian national immunization registries and how that contributes to performance monitoring and data quality in immunization programmes.
Laura Eggertson
The Canadian Public Health Association and leading pediatricians and immunologists are calling for a national immunization registry and harmonized vaccination schedules so no one risks missing a...
Health Canada
This article lays out the key goals and functionalities that need to be achieved through a national immunization registry in Canada.
Bernard Duval, Monica Tremblay, Christian Boudreau, Nicole Boulianne
CONTEXT: The Quebec Public Health Act provides for the creation of a central vaccination registry. However- details of how such a registry would be used have not been established. This study seeks to...
N. Boulianne, G. De Serres, E. Nounawon, B. Duval
UNLABELLED: We estimated the accuracy of the information in the vaccination booklet of 8-457 children. The booklets were classified as complete (CC)- incomplete (CI) or lost (CP). For children in the...