Showing 54 of 54 results

Alice Wimmer, International Organization for Migration
Afghanistan: Reflections from the IOM on the successes and challenges of COVID-19 vaccination among migrants and mobile populations
Multiple Partners
Afghanistan: Vaccination in humanitarian and emergency settings, including migrants and internally displaced populations. Presented at Implementers Forum
Abdul Mateen Husainkhil, Alex Mbyalu, Bonaventura Nestory, Dr Mohammed Wazir Sadiqi, Jacobus Schoevers, Jalia Nanfuka, Nwajide Chidiebele Ifeoma, Ranjit Dhiman
With the expansion the vaccine cold chain network and infrastructure, the ability to monitor equipment performance, procure appropriate equipment, maintain this equipment is vital to ensure safety of...
Ranjit Dhiman
Pleased to share the report and PowerPoint presentation on temperature monitoring study of Afghanistan done in 2019 and 2020 over two seasons of summer and winter.
Chowdhury M, Sarker A, KlasGoran S
An external evaluation of Data Quality, Operational Cost and Efficiency. Considering the shortages of health workers and workload in Afghanistan, the paper-based system is often burdensome,...
Imtiaz Hussain et al.
Background: Afghanistan is one of the remaining wild-poliovirus (WPV) endemic countries. We conducted a seroprevalence survey of anti-poliovirus antibodies in Kandahar Province. Methods: Children in...
Michel Zaffran et al.
The global effort to eradicate poliomyelitis has reduced the incidence of cases caused by wild poliovirus by more than 99% since its launch in 1988, from 350 000 annual cases in 125 endemic...
Sunil Bahl et al.
In 1988, the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis by the year 2000. Although substantial progress was achieved by 2000, global polio eradication proved elusive. In India, the...
Mbaeyi C et al.
BACKGROUND: The Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) program has increased access to immunization services for children living in rural Afghanistan. However, multiple surveys have indicated...
Kathleen M O\'Reilly
The goal of polio eradication is edging ever closer to reality. There is much to celebrate; data from Nigeria suggest limited transmission of wild-type and vaccine-derived polio virus in the northern...
Gillian K SteelFisher et al.
Background: Eradication of poliovirus from endemic countries relies on vaccination of children with oral polio vaccine (OPV) many times a year until the age of 5 years. We aimed to determine...
Kamal Fahmy et al.
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative has reduced the global incidence of polio by 99% and the number of countries with endemic polio from 125 to 3 countries. The Polio Eradication and Endgame...
Simona Zipursky et al.
The Immunization Systems Management Group (IMG) was established to coordinate and oversee objective 2 of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013–2018, namely, (1) introduction of ≥1...
Nicoletta Previsani et al.
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) continues to make progress toward the eradication target. Only one of the three serotypes, wild poliovirus (WPV) type 1 (WPV1), is still circulating,...
Home-based record for Afghanistan, circa 2014.
Edmond F. Maes et al.
Global measures to eradicate polio began in 1988; as of 2014, four of six World Health Organization (WHO) regions have been certified polio-free. Within the two endemic regions (African and Eastern...
Raveesha R. Mugali et al.
Background: Despite progress in recent years, Afghanistan is lagging behind in realizing the full potential of immunization. The country is still endemic for polio transmission and measles outbreaks...
World Health Organization (WHO)
Strong progress continues to be made since the Health Assembly called for the worldwide eradication of poliomyelitis in 1988.1 At the time, poliomyelitis was endemic in more than 125 countries around...
P. L. Lopalco
Polio cases due to wild virus are reported by only three countries in the world. Poliovirus type 2 has been globally eradicated and the last detection of poliovirus type 3 dates to November 2012....
Arend Voormana, Hil M. Lyons
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is closer than ever to achieving a polio-free world. Immunization activities must still be carried out in non-endemic countries to maintain population immunity...
Chukwuma Mbaey et al.
Only 74 cases of wild poliovirus (WPV) were reported globally in 2015, the lowest number of cases ever reported worldwide (1,2). All of the reported cases were WPV type 1 (WPV1), the only known WPV...
María Clara Restrepo-Méndez et al.
Despite the improvements made in global immunization coverage for children over the past decade,1,2 an estimated 21.8 million infants worldwide are still not being reached by routine immunization...
Steve Wassilak
In January 2012, completion of polio eradication was declared a programmatic emergency for global public health by the Executive Board of the World Health Organization (WHO) (1). Despite major...
The health needs of children and adolescents in humanitarian emergencies are critical to the success of relief efforts and reduction in mortality. Measles has been one of the major causes of child...
Catherine Bruckner & Francesco Checchi
Fragile states are home to a sixth of the world\'s population, and their populations are particularly vulnerable to infectious disease outbreaks. Timely surveillance and control are essential to...
Seye Abimbola et al.
Over the last two years, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), a private-public partnership that has reduced polio worldwide by 99% since its launch in 1988, has greatly expanded the...
McKenzie Andre et al.
Since 1988, when the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI)* began, the annual number of polio cases has decreased by >99% (1). Only three countries remain that have never interrupted wild...
Peter J. Hotez
Introduction: Origins and Definitions International cooperation for purposes of infectious and tropical disease control goes back to at least the 14th century, when early concepts of quarantine...
World Health Organization (WHO)
This guide outlines advocacy activities to build human, financial and political support for the Polio Eradication Initiative as a platform for strengthening preventive health services. It outlines...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This report presents poliovirus surveillance data from 2014 and 2015, focusing on the 20 countries in the African Region and six in the Eastern Mediterranean Region that reported a WPV or circulating...
Zulfiqar A. Bhutta
The global polio eradication initiative is at a critical crossroads. Some 25 years ago, the World Health Organization (WHO), supported by Rotary International, launched a global goal of eradicating...
Qanta A Ahmed et al.
Global poliomyelitis eradication is almost within reach—this disease persists only in Nigeria, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, which are countries with substantial Muslim populations.1 Today this...
Vincent J et al.
The 2013 deadline for the worldwide goal to eradicate polio has come and gone, with a new endgame set for 2018. Although cases of polio have decreased by 99% worldwide since 1988, geopolitical...
R Bruce Aylward
On 27 March 2014, India and the entire WHO South East Asia Region were certified polio-free , bringing to 80% the proportion of the world’s population that now lives in regions entirely free of...
Michelle Morales et al.
In 2015, wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission was identified only in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The widespread use of live, attenuated oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) has been crucial in polio eradication...
Kathleen M O\'Reilly et al.
The researchers conclude that the effectiveness of bivalent OPV is comparable with monovalent OPV and can therefore be used in eradicating serotype 1 poliomyelitis whilst minimising the risks of...
Olen Kew
Since its launch in 1988, the World Health Organization\'s Global Polio Eradication Initiative has reduced worldwide polio incidence by >99%. The most dramatic progress was achieved up to the year...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
In January 2012, polio eradication was declared a \"programmatic emergency for global public health\" by the Executive Board of the World Health Organization (WHO) (1). Since the Global Polio...
Claudia Reinheimer et al.
Europe was certified to be polio-free in 2002 by the WHO. However, wild polioviruses remain endemic in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria, occasionally causing polio outbreaks, as in...
The fight against endemic polio transmission is restricted to three countries: Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria. In 2012, when the world saw the lowest numbers of cases from polio-reporting...
World Health Organization (WHO)
This report, prepared by the Secretariat for the Decade of Vaccines Global Vaccine Action Plan, serves as the basis for the independent review. As was the case in 2013 and 2014, this report reviews...
José E. Hagan et al.
In 1988, the World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization (WHO) resolved to eradicate polio worldwide (1). Wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission has been interrupted in all but three countries...
Dara Mohammadi
WHO and partners hope that they can finally rid the world of polio. But insurgency, Taliban-initiated boycotts, and a US$1 billion funding deficit will not make it an easy task. Dara Mohammadi...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Through efforts of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), begun in 1988, indigenous transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV) had been interrupted in all but four countries (Afghanistan,...
Thuy-Linh Nguyen et al.
This 2015 Pneumonia and Diarrhea Progress Report evaluates the progress of the 15 countries with the greatest burden of under-five pneumonia and diarrhea deaths in implementing high-impact...
Jonathan Kennedy et al.
The study concludes that only particular forms of internal armed conflict – those prosecuted by Islamist insurgents – explain the current global distribution of polio. The variation over time in...
Brett Sutton and Deon Canyon
The eradication of a human infectious disease is a major challenge and, if achieved, represents a enormous achievement. This article explores the long and difficult journey towards eradication for...