57 results
Brenda Corcoran, Anna Clarke, Tom Barrett
The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination school-based programme for girls aged 12–13 years began in Ireland in 2010. Initially, the proportion of students who completed the vaccination course was...
Heather MacDougall et al.
Experts have pointed to apathy as a key factor in the ongoing battle to eliminate measles transmission through universal vaccination. Apathy has taken many forms in Canada since the 1960s and could...
Noel T. Brewer etal.
Vaccination is one of the great achievements of the 20th century, yet persistent public-health problems include inadequate, delayed, and unstable vaccination uptake. Psychology offers three general...
Luke E.Taylor et al.
There has been enormous debate regarding the possibility of a link between childhood vaccinations and the subsequent development of autism. This has in recent times become a major public health issue...
Jason M. Glanz et al.
Importance: Some parents are concerned that multiple vaccines in early childhood could weaken their child’s immune system. Biological data suggest that increased vaccine antigen exposure could...
Lois A. Weithorn et al.
Rates of vaccine-preventable diseases have increased in the United States in recent years, largely due to parental refusals of recommended childhood immunizations. Empirical studies have demonstrated...
Naomi Smith & Tim Graham
Over the past decade, anti-vaccination rhetoric has become part of the mainstream discourse regarding the public health practice of childhood vaccination. These utilise social media to foster online...
Timothy Caulfield et al.
There is growing controversy about vaccination rates in Canada. A significant percentage of the population is uncertain about the science of vaccines, and in some areas ‘herd immunity\' is being...
PaolaAnello et al.
Infant vaccination rates have been declining in Italy over the past 5–7 years. The aims of this study were to assess the trend in the proportions of children unvaccinated at 24 months old, to...
Saad B. Omer et al.
The continued success of vaccines, one of the most effective public health interventions, depends on high rates of acceptance. Vaccine refusal in the United States has increased since the late...
Tara C. Smith
Vaccine refusal has been a recurring story in the media for well over a decade. Though there is scant evidence that refusal is genuinely increasing in the population, multiple studies have...
Nathan C. Lo & Peter J. Hotez
Importance: Routine childhood vaccination is declining in some regions of the United States due to vaccine hesitancy, which risks the resurgence of many infectious diseases with public health and...
World Health Organization (WHO)
This guidance document provides basic broad principles for a spokesperson of any health authority on how to respond to vocal vaccine deniers. The suggestions are based on psychological research on...
UNICEF
Religious leaders, with their tremendous authority at the grass roots, are key to garnering community support for broad immunization coverage. This workbook, designed for communication and programme...
The following is a DRAFT set of Preferred Product Characteristics (PPC) for a generic microarray patch (MAP) presentation) with a solid vaccine formulation of a live-attenuated measles-rubella (MR)...
Euzebiusz Jamrozik et al.
Mass vaccination has been a successful public health strategy for many contagious diseases. The immunity of the vaccinated also protects others who cannot be safely or effectively...
Paul A. Gastañaduy et al.
Measles is a highly contagious, albeit vaccine-preventable, disease that can lead to serious complications. Although endemic transmission of measles in the United States was declared to be eliminated...
Steven Black etal.
In the past thirty years we have seen dramatic advances in vaccine technology and development that have yielded vaccines to protect against the pneumococcus, Hib, rotavirus, HPV, and meningococcal...
Heidi Larson
A presentation by Heidi Larson of the Vaccine Confidence Project.
Radzikowski J et al.
BACKGROUND: The emergence of social media is providing an alternative avenue for information exchange and opinion formation on health-related issues. Collective discourse in such media leads to the...
Melissa B. Gilkey et al.
Objective To support efforts to address parental hesitancy towards early childhood vaccination, we sought to validate the Vaccination Confidence Scale using data from a large, population-based...
Charlotte Lee et al.
High rates of nonmedical exemptions (NMEs) from required childhood vaccinations have contributed to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases, such as measles and pertussis. Understanding the...
Seye Abimbola et al.
Over the last two years, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), a private-public partnership that has reduced polio worldwide by 99% since its launch in 1988, has greatly expanded the...
Henry Emori, Obrian F. Nyamucherera, Muhammad U. Usman, Anne Cockcroft, Bong Duke, Nisser Ali Umar, Neil Andersson
Background Childhood vaccination rates in Nigeria are among the lowest in the world and this affects morbidity and mortality rates. A 2011 mixed methods study in two states in Nigeria examined...
Dan M. Kahan
Controversy over childhood vaccinations is an instance of what might be styled the “science communication problem”—the failure of compelling scientific evidence to resolve public dispute over...
Cornelia Betsch & Robert Böhm
: During outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases, compulsory vaccination is sometimes discussed as a last resort to counter vaccine refusal. Besides ethical arguments, however, empirical evidence...
Eve Dubé et al.
In The Lancet Infectious Diseases, John Glasser and colleagues report the results of a spatially-stratified model to better understand the dynamics of disease outbreaks and the link with vaccine...
Marylène Dugas etal.
The global recognition of vaccination is strongly related to the fact that it has proved in the past able to dramatically reduce the incidence of certain diseases. Nevertheless, reactions regarding...
Cecilia Lee & Joan L. Robinson
The efficacy of immunization mandates for childcare or school entry is a long-standing controversy. The United States (US) adopted school entry immunization mandates in the 1800s, while most...
Tahir Mehmood Khana & Muhammad Umar Khayam Sahibzada
A qualitative study design was adapted to explore the challenges faced by health workers (HWs) during the polio health campaign. In addition, HWs’ opinions about the factors causing parents to...
Varun K. Phadke et al.
A substantial proportion of the US measles cases in the era after elimination were intentionally unvaccinated. The phenomenon of vaccine refusal was associated with an increased risk for measles...
Ruijs WL et al.
The study concludes that religious leaders\' attitudes towards vaccination vary from full acceptance to clear refusal. According to orthodox Protestant church order, local congregation members...
Heidi J Larson et al.
The intensity, spread, and effects of public opinion about vaccines are growing as new modes of communication speed up information sharing, contributing to vaccine hesitancy, refusals, and disease...
Qanta A Ahmed et al.
Global poliomyelitis eradication is almost within reach—this disease persists only in Nigeria, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, which are countries with substantial Muslim populations.1 Today this...
Robin P. Goin-Kochel et al.
A contentious theory espoused by some parents is that regressive-onset of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is triggered by vaccines. If this were true, then vaccine receipt should be higher in children...
Brendan Nyhan et al.
Current public health communications about vaccines may not be effective. For some parents, they may actually increase misperceptions or reduce vaccination intention. Attempts to increase concerns...
Sebastian A.J. Taylor et al.
Success in the Polio Eradication Initiative now hinges on a very few endemic countries. Maximising household vaccination in these places is key. Evidence suggests that while vaccinator performance...
Md Z. Sadique et al.
The demand for vaccination against infectious diseases involves a choice between vaccinating and not vaccinating, in which there is a trade-off between the benefits and costs of each option. The aim...
Sensarma P et al.
More than one fourth of children of HIV-infected mothers living in Kolkata city are not completely immunized by 12 months of age. This qualitative study aims to explore the barriers to immunization...
Shimi E.
In order to understand the impact of vaccine exemptions on the potential resurgence of once-eradicated infectious diseases, mathematical models of vaccination behavior have been developed [2,26-29]....
Jessica E. Atwell & Daniel A. Salmon
Previously controlled vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) are in resurgence.1,2 To date, there have been 477 confirmed measles cases in the United States in 2014, the most in 18 years.3 In 2013 there...
Saad B. Omer et al.
Disease eradication is an attractive public health goal. In addition to eliminating illnesses and deaths, eradication can lead to substantial cost savings. Eradication has been attempted for many...
Poscia A et al.
Adherence to vaccination campaigns can be negatively influenced by Web presence of unreliable information. Aim of study is qualitative and quantitative evaluation of Italian WebPages contents about...
Naeem M et al.
Hepatitis B is a major burden in Pakistan. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Peshawar, from 9th June to 19th June 2010. Cluster random sampling was done. Confidence level of 95% and confidence...
Betsch, Cornelia & Sachse, Katharina
Information about risks is often contradictory, especially in the health domain. A vast amount of bizarre information on vaccine-adverse events (VAE) can be found on the Internet; most are posted by...
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Yaffa Shir-Raz, Manfred S. Green
This study examines vaccination hesitancy or refusal following the 2013 polio outbreak in Israel, based on two theoretical models. The first is Sandman’s theoretical model, which holds that risk...
Caroline M. Poland & Emily K. Brunson
The authors of this article were invited members of a workgroup sponsored by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in the fall of 2013. They came away convinced that a more holistic perspective...
Tracy A. Lieu et al.
Parental refusal and delay of childhood vaccines has increased in recent years and is believed to cluster in some communities. Such clusters could pose public health risks and barriers to achieving...
S. Walsh et al.
A large measles outbreak occurred in South Wales in 2012/2013. The outbreak has been attributed to low take-up of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) immunization in the early 2000s. To understand better the...
Jeremy K. Ward et al.
The internet is playing an increasingly important part in fueling vaccine related controversies and in generating vaccine hesitant behaviors. English language Antivaccination websites have been...
Louise-Anne McNutt et al.
School-entry vaccination requirements are critical to preventing outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases in the US. Non-medical exemptions increased between the 2000–2001 and 2014–2015 academic...
Dian L. Baker et al.
Of 3 potential contributing factors to perceived barriers—nativity, socioeconomic position, and use of traditional Hmong health care (i.e., consulting shamans and herbalists)—the latter 2...
SteelFisher GK et al.
Elimination of poliovirus from endemic countries is a crucial step in eradication; however, vaccination programmes in these areas face challenges, especially in regions with conflict. We analysed...
Mrozek-Budzyn D et al.
Despite the common use of Thimerosal as a preservative in childhood vaccines since the 1930s, there are not many studies on ethylmercury toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics in infants. The knowledge of...
Guidry, Jeanine P D, Carlyle, Kellie, Messner, Marcus, Jin, Yan
Vaccination is an effective public health tool for reducing morbidity and mortality caused by infectious diseases. However, increasing numbers of parents question the safety of vaccines or refuse to...
Brian J. Zikmund-Fisher, Jia Ren, Irene A. Harmsen, Zhuoying Huang, Xiaodong Sun, Matthew L. Boulton, Abram L. Wagner
Background: Several new vaccines have been introduced into China in recent years, but some parents in China have shown concerns about the scheduling of vaccinations for young infants. This study...
Bert Baumgaertner, Juliet E. Carlisle, Florian Justwan
In light of the increasing refusal of some parents to vaccinate children, public health strategies have focused on increasing knowledge and awareness based on a “knowledge-deficit” approach....