219 results
Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance
The page provides ways of tacking vaccine inequity by promoting demand for immunization through social listening. It also provides other resources relevant to the topic,The page provides ways of...
Alice Wimmer, International Organization for Migration
Afghanistan: Reflections from the IOM on the successes and challenges of COVID-19 vaccination among migrants and mobile populations
HelpAge International, Joseph Mbasha
Tanzania: Promoting access and mitigating barriers to COVID-19 vaccination amongst older people
Breakthrough ACTION Bangladesh
Bangladesh: Using trusted voices to reach vaccine-resistant groups
Abubakar Nasiru Galadima, Nor Afiah Mohd Zulkefli, Salmiah Md Said, Norliza Ahmad
Vaccine preventable diseases are still the most common cause of childhood mortality, with an estimated 3 million deaths every year, mainly in Africa and Asia. An estimate of 29% deaths among children...
MoH Senegal
Communication Material for HPV vaccination program in Senegal
BID Initiative
mPowering’s ORB platform recently launched to help promote the sharing and re-use of openly licensed health worker training content. This webinar provides an introduction to the platform and why...
Tarwa et al
The purpose of the study was to assess whether the Road to Health Card (RTHC) was adequately completed and interpreted at primary, secondary and tertiary care levels in South Africa.
Osaki K, Aiga H
Home-based records have been used in both low- and high-income countries to improve maternal and child health. We define a function–capacity conceptual framework for home-based records showing how...
AOV with R&D support from PATH addressed the problem of vaccine freezing by incorporating an inner vaccine box made of engineered phase change material (EPCM) into vaccine carrier. When used...
PetraZimmermann & NigelCurtis
The immunomodulatory effects of probiotics may influence the response to vaccines. We systematically reviewed prospective randomised placebo-controlled studies in humans that have investigated the...
Robin P.Lazarus et al.
Background: Strategies are needed to improve oral rotavirus vaccine (RV), which provides sub-optimal protection in developing countries. Probiotics and zinc supplementation could improve RV...
Ke Xu et al.
This WHO report summarizes the latest internationally comparable data on health spending in all WHO Member States between 2000 and 2015. But it does more than publish the most recent data. For the...
Rhiannon R.Penkert et al.
Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is responsible for serious pediatric respiratory infections, and kills close to one million children under the age of five each year. Unfortunately, the...
Lora Shimp
Home-based records (HBRs) are an important tool for achieving, monitoring and sustaining vaccination coverage; however they have often been under-utilized in immunization programs. Historically many...
Figueroa-Downing D, Baggio ML, Baker ML, Dias De Oliveira Chiang E, Villa LL, Eluf Neto J, Evans DP, Bednarczyk RA
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between Brazilian healthcare providers\' characteristics and their knowledge, perceptions, and practices regarding the HPV vaccine. METHODS: An...
World Health Organization (WHO)
The World Health Statistics series is WHO’s annual compilation of health statistics for its 194 Member States. World Health Statistics 2017 compiles data on 21 health-related Sustainable...
Orr, Daniela, Baram-Tsabari, Ayelet, Landsman, Keren
BACKGROUND Social media can act as an important platform for debating, discussing, and disseminating information about vaccines. Our objectives were to map and describe the roles played by web-based...
Li Liu et al.
Background Despite remarkable progress in the improvement of child survival between 1990 and 2015, the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 target of a two-thirds reduction of under-5 mortality rate...
R.M. Mihigo et al.
The World Health Organization’s Regional Offices for Africa and for the Eastern Mediterranean in conjunction with the African Union and the Government of Ethiopia hosted a ministerial conference on...
M. Tashani et al.
Sequential or co-administration of vaccines has potential to alter the immune response to any of the antigens. Existing literature suggests that prior immunisation of tetanus/diphtheria-containing...
Michael E. W. Varnum & Igor Grossmann
Gender equality has varied across time, with dramatic shifts in countries such as the United States in the past several decades. Although differences across societies and changes within societies in...
Euzebiusz Jamrozik et al.
Mass vaccination has been a successful public health strategy for many contagious diseases. The immunity of the vaccinated also protects others who cannot be safely or effectively...
GBD Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators
Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015)...
Sina Brückner et al.
We recently described the effect of a single-dose antihelminthic treatment on vaccine immunogenicity to a seasonal influenza vaccine. Here we report the effect of antihelminthics on the...
Mira Johri et al.
Objective To quantify the impact on mortality of offering a hypothetical set of technically feasible, high-impact interventions for maternal and child survival during India’s 2010–2013 measles...
World Health Organization (WHO)
As part of the Immunization eLearning Initiative, UNICEF and WHO announce the availability of a new online course for Microplanning. This type of planning is an important tool to ensure that...
Milagritos D Tapia et al.
Background Despite the heightened risk of serious influenza during infancy, vaccination is not recommended in infants younger than 6 months. We aimed to assess the safety, immunogenicity, and...
Qu C et al.
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hepatitis B vaccination has been implemented worldwide to prevent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. Its long-term protective efficacy on primary liver cancer (PLC) and other...
Jeffrey D Stanaway et al.
Summary Background With recent improvements in vaccines and treatments against viral hepatitis, an improved understanding of the burden of viral hepatitis is needed to inform global intervention...
Bharti OK et al.
Presently the dose of rabies immunoglobulin (RIG) which is an integral part of rabies post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is calculated based on body weight though the recommendation is to infiltrate the...
Rui Gama Vaz et al.
The current West African outbreak of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) began in Guinea in December 2013 and rapidly spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone. On 20 July 2014, a sick individual flew into Lagos,...
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation and the International Centre for Humanitarian Affairs
The effort towards improving the health of the population in Kenya continues to produce results driven by accurate and timely data. Over the past three decades, the country has witnessed impressive...
Beenish Hanif, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Amna R. Siddiqui, Ajmal Agha, Aatekah Owais
Background In Pakistan, only 59-73% of children 12-23 months of age are fully immunized. This randomized, controlled trial was conducted to assess the impact of a low-literacy immunization promotion...
Frank Shann
There is now clear evidence that the simplistic conventional model of immunization is invalid [1]. We can no longer assume that a vaccine acts independently of other vaccines, or that it influences...
Caroline Eubelen et al.
General practitioners (GPs) often lack time and resources to invest in health education; audiovisual messages broadcast in the waiting room may be a useful educational tool. This work was designed to...
World Health Organization (WHO)
WHO and UNICEF announce the availability of Immunization eLearning Initiative courses to all consultants, partners, and staff supporting immunization. The course series provides training in areas...
Maren Johanne Heilskov Rytter et al.
Malnourished children have increased risk of dying, with most deaths caused by infectious diseases. One mechanism behind this may be impaired immune function. However, this immune deficiency of...
Paul Fine et al.
The term ‘‘herd immunity’’ is widely used but carries a variety of meanings [1–7]. Some authors use it to describe the proportion immune among individuals in a population. Others use it...
Kai Gong
An efficient algorithm that can properly identify the targets to immunize or quarantine for preventing an epidemic in a population without knowing the global structural information is of obvious...
Dawit Gebreegziabiher et al.
M. tuberculosis and helminth infection each affects one third of the world population. Helminth infections down regulate cell mediated immune responses and this may contribute to lower efficacy of...
Till Bärnighausen et al.
In May, 1974, WHO launched the Expanded Programme on Immunization—the global programme to immunise children worldwide with a set of (at the time) six core vaccines. 40 years on, the GAVI Alliance...
E. Colzani et al.
Challenges in reaching good vaccination coverage against measles emerged in several European Union/European Economic Area Member States (EU/EEA MS) leading to progressive accumulation of susceptible...
David W. Scheifele
Funded immunization programs are best able to achieve high participation rates, optimal protection of the target population, and indirect protection of others. However, in many countries public...
S. Shourie et al.
To evaluate the effectiveness of a web based decision aid versus a leaflet versus, usual practice in reducing parents’ decisional conflict for the first dose MMR vaccination decision. The, impact...
Nitwara Wikan et al.
Zika virus was originally identified in a sentinel rhesus monkey in the Zika Forest of Uganda in 1947. The virus is a member of the family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus, and is transmitted to humans...
World Health Organization (WHO)
The overall goal of this Toolkit is to support countries in the reactivation of essential health services in the aftermath of a public health emergency. The Toolkit has been constructed to support...
Scott Barrett
An infectious disease will be eradicated only if it is eliminated everywhere, including in the hardest-to-reach, most vaccine-wary communities. If eradication is successful, it promises a dividend in...
Delia Adelina Vlad et al.
Background Increased vulnerability of HIV infected children to numerous other infections is an argument for vaccination protection. Lately, we have been facing diseases that can be prevented by...
Victoria Koski-Karell et al.
Since the beginning of the cholera epidemic in Haiti 5 years ago, the prevalence of this deadly water-borne disease has fallen far below the initial rates registered during its explosive outset....
Peter J. Hotez
Introduction: Origins and Definitions International cooperation for purposes of infectious and tropical disease control goes back to at least the 14th century, when early concepts of quarantine...
Marc Lipsitch & George R. Siber
There is a growing appreciation for the role of vaccines in confronting the problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Vaccines can reduce the prevalence of resistance by reducing the need for...
Matthew Lee Smith, Marcia G Ory, Jairus C Pulczinski, Alethea Chiappone, Brittany L Rosen, Alice White, Kelly L Wilson
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a contemporary public health concern because of its association with cervical cancer. Despite evidence about HPV vaccination benefits, debate surrounds whether or not...
World Health Organization (WHO)
 As of 11 May 2016, 58 countries and territories report continuing mosquito-borne transmission (Fig. 1) of which:  45 countries are experiencing a first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with...
Suzanne M Garland, Stefanie Hartley, John D Wark, Gina Ogilvie, Alexandra Gorelik, Cheryl Rangiah, Yasmin Jayasinghe
BACKGROUND: Revised Australian guidelines have been announced under the Renew(®) program to commence screening at 25 years of age with HPV testing in 5-yearly intervals, in 2017. We conducted a...
Hudson, Sharon M, Rondinelli, June, Glenn, Beth A, Preciado, Melissa, Chao, Chun
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study aimed to identify doctors\' and nurses\' perceptions of patient-, provider-, and system-level factors associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine completion...
Joseph, Natalie Pierre, Bernstein, Judith, Pelton, Steve, Belizaire, Myrdell, Goff, Ginette, Horanieh, Nour, Freund, Karen M
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a client-centered behavioral intervention (Brief Negotiated Interviewing) on mothers\' human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine knowledge and vaccination initiation for...
Olaniran Alabi, Fredrick Musoke, Albarka Jehoshaphat Nebanat, Melissa Corkum, Robert Anger, Victor Gugong, Helen Epstein, Sufiyan M Babale, Gerida Birukila
Since 1997, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative has sponsored regular door-to-door polio immunisation campaigns in northern Nigeria. On 30 July 2015, the country was finally declared poliofree, a...
Tom, Ashlyn Robinett, Hali Buenconsejo-Lum, Lee Soon, Reni Hamilton, Michael Francisco-Natanauan, Pia Cruz, May Rose Dela Balajadia, Ronald Hernandez, Brenda Y
Despite the availability of HPV prophylactic vaccines, uptake has been suboptimal in the US. In the state of Hawaii, HPV vaccine coverage has decreased among females and remains low among males aged...
Sara K Fehr, Kelly L Wilson, Allie L Shepard, Ralph DiClemente, Brittany L Rosen
School nurses are at the intersection of the healthcare and school communities, thus, they can be considered opinion leaders in providing health advice - including information about the human...
Minodora Dobreanu, Adelina Grigore, Silviu-Horia Morariu, Monica Tarcea, Septimiu Voidăzan
AIM: Romania ranks first in Europe in terms of mortality from cervical cancer, recording 6.3 times more deaths than the mean in EU countries. Although vaccination campaigns were launched by health...
Jeroen Luyten & Philippe Beutels
In the current global environment of increased strain on health care budgets, all medical interventions have to compete for funding. Cost-effectiveness analysis has become a standard method to use in...
Zsuzsanna Jakab & David M Salisbury
As we herald progress towards the Millennium Development Goals and strive to meet them, we have an approaching public health target that is sometimes forgotten. The global community has resolved to...
M.O.C. Ota et al.
Human newborns are vulnerable to infectious diseases that account for majority of the morbidity and mortality, particularly in first year of life. Vaccines have become the most effective public...
Stuart Gilmour et al.
The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW) partially suspended the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme in June, 2013. Although HPV vaccination has just been included in...
Jason M. Glanz et al.
Of the 72 case patients with pertussis, 12 (16.67%) were hospitalized, and 34 (47.22%) were undervaccinated for DTaP vaccine by the date of pertussis diagnosis. Of the 288 matched controls, 64...
Brad Love et al.
Twitter is a popular source of health information. This study reports a content analysis of posts about vaccinations, documenting sources, tone, and medical accuracy. Results can help explain patient...
Alberto E. Tozzi, Edwin J. Asturias, Madhava Ram Balakrishnan, Neal A. Halsey, Barbara Law, Patrick L.F. Zuber
Serious illnesses or even deaths may rarely occur after childhood vaccinations. Public health programs are faced with great challenges to establish if the events presenting after the administration...
Sara Boccalin, Angela Bechini, Paolo Landa, Alessio Signori, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Lucia Arata, Daniela Amicizia , Giancarlo Icardi, Paolo Bonanni, Roberto Gasparini, Alexander Domnich, Donatella Panatto
Given the growing use and great potential of mobile apps, this project aimed to develop and implement a user-friendly app to increase laypeople\'s knowledge and awareness of invasive pneumococcal...
James O. Prochaska, Andrea L. Paiva, Nicole R. Amoyal, Anne C. Fernandez
Purpose . In the United States, 36% of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers occur among men. HPV vaccination can substantially reduce the risk of HPV infection; however, the vast majority of...
Collange, Fanny, Fressard, Lisa, Pulcini, Céline, Sebbah, Rémy, Peretti-Watel, Patrick, Verger, Pierre
OBJECTIVE: General practitioners (GPs) play a crucial role in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine acceptance in France. We sought to study: (1) GPs\' perceptions of its risks and efficacy and their...
Patel, Hersha, Jeve, Yadava B, Sherman, Susan M, Moss, Esther L
BACKGROUND: The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is recommended for adolescent girls in many European countries, however there is huge variation in vaccine uptake. METHODS: A mixed methods...
Palmer, T J, McFadden, M, Pollock, K G J, Kavanagh, K, Cuschieri, K, Cruickshank, M, Nicoll, S, Robertson, C
BACKGROUND: To measure the uptake of first invitation to cervical screening by vaccine status in a population-based cohort offered HPV immunisation in a national catch-up campaign. METHODS: A...
Kim, J, Nan, X
This study examines how individual difference in consideration of future consequences (CFC) and temporal framing (i.e., present- vs. future-oriented message) interact to influence the persuasive...
Gilkey, Melissa B, Calo, William A, Moss, Jennifer L, Shah, Parth D, Marciniak, Macary W, Brewer, Noel T
BACKGROUND: Receiving a healthcare provider\'s recommendation is a strong predictor of HPV vaccination, but little is known empirically about which types of recommendation are most influential. Thus,...
Ellen J Goldberg, Essie Torres, LaDonna Maddy, Alice R Richman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an intervention aimed at increasing HPV vaccine completion of the 3-dose series and knowledge. PARTICIPANTS: 264 male and female U.S. college students 18-26 years old who...
Tiro, Jasmin A, Lee, Simon, Craddock, Marks, Emily G, Persaud, Donna, Skinner, Celette Sugg, Street, Richard L, Wiebe, Deborah J, Farrell, David, Bishop, Wendy Pechero, Fuller, Sobha, Baldwin, Austin S
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers are a significant burden on the US health care system that can be prevented through adolescent HPV vaccination. Despite guidelines recommending...
Akihiko Saitoh, Nobuhiko Okabe
Recent progress in the Japanese immunization program has partially closed the “vaccine gap,” i.e., the deficiencies in that program relative to immunization programs in other developed countries....
Corinna Klingler et al.
This review documents the available evidence and shows that vaccination in low- and middle-income countries brings important economic benefits. The cost-effectiveness studies reviewed suggest to...
Kate M. Edwards et al.
Acute exercise at the time of vaccination can enhance subsequent immune responses. However, the potential benefit of this effect will be its efficacy in boosting poor responses, and thus protection...
Lavanchy D.
In countries where hepatitis A is highly endemic, exposure to hepatitis A virus (HAV) is almost universal before the age of 10years, and large-scale immunization efforts are not required. In...
Talía Malagón et al.
The study concludes that the bivalent vaccine seems more efficacious against non-vaccine HPV types 31, 33, and 45 than the quadrivalent vaccine, but the differences were not all significant and might...
Sean T. O’Leary et al.
Measles–mumps–rubella–varicella (MMRV) vaccine is associated with increased febrile seizure risk compared with measles–mumps–rubella and varicella vaccine given separately (MMR + V) in...
Glen R. Abedi et al.
During a 2009–2010 mumps outbreak in a New York State village, a third dose of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine was administered to children in three schools as a control measure....
Sachiko Ozawa et al.
An analysis of return on investment can help policy makers support, optimize, and advocate for the expansion of immunization programs in the world’s poorest countries. We assessed the return on...
Claire Glenton et al.
Lay health workers (LHWs) are used in many settings to increase immunisation uptake among children. However, little is known about the effectiveness of these interventions. The objective of this...
Elyse O. Kharbanda et al.
In 2010, due to a pertussis outbreak and neonatal deaths, the California Department of Health recommended that the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) be...
Ryman et al.
Qualitative health worker interviews and community focus groups were conducted in 4 African countries (Kenya, Mali, Ethiopia, and Cameroon). Integration was generally well accepted by both community...
Samuel L. Katz
Svea Closser. Vanderbilt University Press. Nashville, Tennessee, USA. 2010. 256 pp. $59.95. ISBN: 978-0-826-51708-1 (hardcover). The detailed operational information Closser has gathered and...
Singh A
Findings from household fixed effects analysis indicated that the immunization scores of girls were significantly lower than that of boys. The inequality decompositions revealed that, at the...
Maartje Kristensen et al.
Implementation of additional targeted vaccinations to prevent infectious diseases in the older adults is under discussion in different countries. When considering the added value of such preventive...
Douglas C. Hodgins & Patricia E. Shewen
Many serious infectious diseases occur early in life; efficacious vaccination of neonates has been a longstanding goal in both human and veterinary medicine. Efforts to immunize in the first weeks of...
Elma Z. Tchilian et al.
Mice were immunized parenterally, intranasally or simultaneously by both routes with BCG or recombinant mycobacterial antigens plus appropriate adjuvants. They were challenged with Mycobacterium...
Nicola P. Klein et al.
All measles-containing vaccines are associated with several types of adverse events, including seizure, fever, and immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP). Because the measles-mumps-rubella-varicella...
L. Reed Walton et al.
The United States Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) is a federal advisory committee that develops written recommendations for use of vaccines licensed by the Food and Drug...
Caroline M. Poland & Emily K. Brunson
The authors of this article were invited members of a workgroup sponsored by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in the fall of 2013. They came away convinced that a more holistic perspective...