Social contact networks and disease eradicability under voluntary vaccination

Author: http://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article?id=10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000280
Category: Service delivery

Abstract

Certain theories suggest that it should be difficult or impossible to eradicate a vaccine-preventable disease under voluntary vaccination: Herd immunity implies that the individual incentive to vaccinate disappears at high coverage levels. Historically, there have been examples of declining coverage for vaccines, such as MMR vaccine and whole-cell pertussis vaccine, that are consistent with this theory. On the other hand, smallpox was globally eradicated by 1980 despite voluntary vaccination policies in many jurisdictions. Previous modeling studies of the interplay between disease dynamics and individual vaccinating behavior have assumed that infection is transmitted in a homogeneously mixing population. By comparison, here we simulate transmission of a vaccine-preventable SEIR infection through a random, static contact network.

About

Type Journal article
Language English
Country Not Specified
Link http://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article?id=10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000280
Journal PLoS Comput Biol
Volume 5
Year 2011
Disease , HIV-AIDS , Measles , Mumps , Rubella
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Added on 14 October 2015 02:01:16
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