Storage at -3 degrees C for 24 h alters the immunogenicity of pertussis vaccines

Author: Boros CA, Hanlon M, Gold MS, Roberton DM


The immunogenicity of pertussis antigens in an acellular and a whole-cell triple antigen vaccine used for childhood immunisation was assessed in murine models after storage of vaccines below 0 degree C. Swiss outbred and Balb/c mice received DTPa or DTPw vaccine or placebo. Vaccines were stored at 2-8 degrees C (ideal), or at -3 degrees C for 24 h. Pre and post immunisation IgG responses to pertussis toxin (PT), filamentous haemagglutinin (FHA) and pertactin (PRN) were measured using enzyme immunoassays (EIA). In Balb/c mice, responses to pertactin after receiving adversely stored DTPa were significantly reduced (P = 0.005, difference in GMCs 145.9% [24.6-385.4%]). A reduction in GMC to pertactin was also seen in response to adversely stored DTPw (P = 0.190,224.1% [83.8-599.2%]). Outbred mice receiving adversely stored DTPa had lower IgG antibody responses to FHA than those receiving correctly stored vaccine (P = 0.002,522.2% [26.1-2155.6%]). Outbred mice also had a significantly lower response to FHA after administration of DTPw (P = 0.009,14.0% [3.8-51.9%]). Responses to DTPa in both strains generally were greater than those to DTPw. Storage of pertussis vaccines below 0 degree C appears to alter the immunogenicity of PRN and FHA. Further study is required to determine the effects of such storage on vaccine protective efficacy.


Type Journal article
Language English
Country Not Specified
PubMed URL
Journal Vaccine
Volume 19
Year 2001
Added by Joseph Little
Added on 18 May 2018 18:40:21
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