iSC strengthening - technical resources

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In 2014, the Gavi Alliance partners developed the Gavi Immunization Supply Chains (iSC) Strategy focusing on strengthening country immunization supply chains. From the port of entry to the immunization in clinics, the supply chain is critical to ensure potent vaccines are available to the beneficiaries in an efficient manner. The strategy is built on five fundamentals essential to strengthen the performance of immunization supply chains. The fundamentals are:

Through the Gavi iSC Strategy, national immunization managers, implementing partners and other immunization supply chain experts will gain access to targeted technical assistance and guidance documents, tools, case stories and other material that can help them improve immunization supply chains in countries.

Selected resources are available below. For more information, and for additional tools, resources, and case studies, please visit the iSC Strengthening subsite. Interested in submitting to the subsite? Please read these guidelines.


Supply Chain Data for Management

The aim of the Data for Management (D4M) approach is to make it easier for health workers and supply chain managers to collect, analyze, visualize and use data for decision-making.

Title Author Year Type Language
Data For Management Landscape GAVI Alliance 2014 Document English
GAVI Alliance Immunisation Supply Chain Strategy Martinez- Gemma Orta & Brownlow- Kaleb Presentation English
Myanmar: Development of Electronic Logistics Management Information Systems (eLMIS) in Immunization Supply Chain Management UNICEF 2017 Website English
eLMIS Selection Guide USAID 2015 Document English


Supply Chain System Design

System Design is a process which creates the plan, or blueprint, for how the immunization supply chain should run, including how all of the components of the supply chain system (program requirements, distribution network, storage, human resources, equipment, planning, monitoring, and data) fit together and interact.


Supply Chain Leadership

Next-generation immunisation supply chains require dedicated and competent managers as well as adequate numbers of skilled, accountable, motivated and empowered personnel at all levels of the health system. The Vaccine Alliance helps countries strengthen and build supply chain managers’ capacity by providing focused technical assistance, tools, training and other resources.

Title Author Year Type Language
A Process Guide and Toolkit for Strengthening Public Health Supply Chains through Capacity Development UNICEF, USAID Deliver, People That Deliver, UPS, UNFPA, iSolutions 2016 Tool English
The people factor: An analysis of the human resources landscape for immunization supply chain management Musonda Kasonde & Pamela Steele 2017 Journal article English


Cold Chain Equipment

The Cold Chain Equipment fundamental is aimed at assisting decision-makers at all supply chain levels to choose correct and reliable cold chain equipment for vaccine storage. Supporting countries in improving their cold chains to ensure that vaccines remain cold, safe and effective throughout the entire supply chain.

Title Author Year Type Language
Decommissioning and safe disposal of cold chain equipment UNICEF World Health Organization 2018 Document English
Gavi CCEOP Technology Guide Gavi Market Shaping 2018 Document English
Procurement Guidelines: General Guidelines for Cold Chain Equipment UNICEF 2014 Document English


Continuous Improvement & Planning

This multi-year strategic and operational plan is an innovative vehicle for strengthening the immunization supply chain that harnesses the vision of a country and their commitment to sustainable improvements.