In 2014, the Gavi Alliance partners developed the Gavi Immunization Supply Chains (iSC) Strategy focusing on strengthening country immunization supply chains. From the port of entry to the immunization in clinics, the supply chain is critical to ensure potent vaccines are available to the beneficiaries in an efficient manner. The strategy is built on five fundamentals essential to strengthen the performance of immunization supply chains. The fundamentals are:
- Supply Chain Data for Management
- Supply Chain System Design
- Supply Chain Leadership
- Cold Chain Equipment
- Continuous Improvement & Planning
Through the Gavi iSC Strategy, national immunization managers, implementing partners and other immunization supply chain experts will gain access to targeted technical assistance and guidance documents, tools, case stories and other material that can help them improve immunization supply chains in countries.
Selected resources are available below. For more information, and for additional tools, resources, and case studies, please visit the iSC Strengthening subsite. Interested in submitting to the subsite? Please read these guidelines.
The aim of the Data for Management (D4M) approach is to make it easier for health workers and supply chain managers to collect, analyze, visualize and use data for decision-making.
|Data For Management Landscape||GAVI Alliance||2014||Document||English|
|GAVI Alliance Immunisation Supply Chain Strategy||Martinez- Gemma Orta & Brownlow- Kaleb||Presentation||English|
|Myanmar: Development of Electronic Logistics Management Information Systems (eLMIS) in Immunization Supply Chain Management||UNICEF||2017||Website||English|
|eLMIS Selection Guide||USAID||2015||Document||English|
System Design is a process which creates the plan, or blueprint, for how the immunization supply chain should run, including how all of the components of the supply chain system (program requirements, distribution network, storage, human resources, equipment, planning, monitoring, and data) fit together and interact.
|Costing analysis and anthropological assessment of the vaccine supply chain system redesign in the Comé District (Benin)||Xiao Xian Huang et al.||2017||Journal article||English|
|From Supply Chain Analysis to Action: Delivering Vaccines in Ethiopia||JSI||2015||Document||English|
Next-generation immunisation supply chains require dedicated and competent managers as well as adequate numbers of skilled, accountable, motivated and empowered personnel at all levels of the health system. The Vaccine Alliance helps countries strengthen and build supply chain managers’ capacity by providing focused technical assistance, tools, training and other resources.
|A Process Guide and Toolkit for Strengthening Public Health Supply Chains through Capacity Development||UNICEF, USAID Deliver, People That Deliver, UPS, UNFPA, iSolutions||2016||Tool||English|
|The people factor: An analysis of the human resources landscape for immunization supply chain management||Musonda Kasonde & Pamela Steele||2017||Journal article||English|
The Cold Chain Equipment fundamental is aimed at assisting decision-makers at all supply chain levels to choose correct and reliable cold chain equipment for vaccine storage. Supporting countries in improving their cold chains to ensure that vaccines remain cold, safe and effective throughout the entire supply chain.
|Decommissioning and safe disposal of cold chain equipment||UNICEF World Health Organization||2018||Document||English|
|Gavi CCEOP Technology Guide||Gavi Market Shaping||2018||Document||English|
|Procurement Guidelines: General Guidelines for Cold Chain Equipment||UNICEF||2014||Document||English|
This multi-year strategic and operational plan is an innovative vehicle for strengthening the immunization supply chain that harnesses the vision of a country and their commitment to sustainable improvements.
|Gestion efficace des vaccins - Comment élaborer un plan d’amélioration continue (cIP)||World Health Organization-UNICEF||2018||Document||French|
|WHO UNICEF Effective Vaccine Management (EVM) – How to develop a Continuous Improvement Plan (cIP)? Guidance Note||World Health Organization UNICEF||2018||Document||English|
|WHO UNICEF Effective Vaccine Management (EVM) – How to develop a Continuous Improvement Plan (cIP)? Guidance Note Version 1.0 – February 2018; Supplement 2: Situation analysis||World Health Organization UNICEF||2018||Document||English|