Journal article

Contribution of polio eradication initiative to strengthening routine immunization: Lessons learnt in the WHO African region

Background

Important investments were made in countries for the polio eradication initiative. On 25 September 2015, a major milestone was achieved when Nigeria was removed from the list of polio-endemic countries. Routine Immunization, being a key pillar of polio eradication initiative needs to be strengthened to sustain the gains made in countries. For this, there is a huge potential on building on the use of polio infrastructure to contribute to RI strengthening.

Methods

We reviewed estimates of immunization coverage as reported by the countries to WHO and UNICEF for three vaccines: BCG, DTP3 (third dose of diphtheria-tetanus toxoid- pertussis), and the first dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV1).We conducted a systematic review of best practices documents from eight countries which had significant polio eradication activities.

Results

Immunization programmes have improved significantly in the African Region. Regional coverage for DTP3 vaccine increased from 51% in 1996 to 77% in 2014. DT

Languages

  • English

Publication year

2016

Journal

Vaccine

Volume

43

Type

Journal article

Categories

  • Service delivery

Diseases

  • Polio

Countries

  • Angola
  • Chad
  • Democratic Republic Of The Congo
  • Guinea
  • Liberia
  • Nigeria
  • Sierra Leone
  • Togo

Organisations

  • World Health Organisation (WHO)

Tags

  • Coverage monitoring
  • GVAP

WHO Regions

  • African Region

Added by: Moderator

Added on: 2022-12-01 03:26:28

Hits: 1726