iSC strengthening - technical resources

Dan Brigden

In 2014, the Gavi Alliance partners developed the Gavi Immunization Supply Chains (iSC) Strategy focusing on strengthening country immunization supply chains. From the port of entry to the immunization in clinics, the supply chain is critical to ensure potent vaccines are available to the beneficiaries in an efficient manner. The strategy is built on five fundamentals essential to strengthen the performance of immunization supply chains. This page provides a list of key resources, organised by these fundamentals.

Through the Gavi iSC Strategy, national immunization managers, implementing partners and other immunization supply chain experts will gain access to targeted technical assistance and guidance documents, tools, case stories and other material that can help them improve immunization supply chains in countries.


Supply Chain Data for Management

The aim of the Data for Management (D4M) approach is to make it easier for health workers and supply chain managers to collect, analyze, visualize and use data for decision-making.

Data For Management LandscapeGavi, the Vaccine Alliance2014GuidanceEnglish
eLMIS Selection GuideUSAID2015GuidanceEnglish
GAVI Alliance Immunisation Supply Chain StrategyGemma Orta-Martinez, Kaleb BrownlowPresentationEnglish
Myanmar: Development of Electronic Logistics Management Information Systems (eLMIS) in Immunization Supply Chain ManagementUNICEF2017Case studyEnglish


Supply Chain System Design

System Design is a process which creates the plan, or blueprint, for how the immunization supply chain should run, including how all of the components of the supply chain system (program requirements, distribution network, storage, human resources, equipment, planning, monitoring, and data) fit together and interact.


Supply Chain Leadership

Next-generation immunisation supply chains require dedicated and competent managers as well as adequate numbers of skilled, accountable, motivated and empowered personnel at all levels of the health system. The Vaccine Alliance helps countries strengthen and build supply chain managers’ capacity by providing focused technical assistance, tools, training and other resources.

A Process Guide and Toolkit for Strengthening Public Health Supply Chains through Capacity DevelopmentiSolutions, People That Deliver, UNFPA, UNICEF, UPS, USAID - Deliver ProjectToolEnglish
The people factor: An analysis of the human resources landscape for immunization supply chain managementMusonda Kasonde, Pamela Steele2017Journal articleEnglish


Cold Chain Equipment

The Cold Chain Equipment fundamental is aimed at assisting decision-makers at all supply chain levels to choose correct and reliable cold chain equipment for vaccine storage. Supporting countries in improving their cold chains to ensure that vaccines remain cold, safe and effective throughout the entire supply chain.

Decommissioning and safe disposal of cold chain equipmentUNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO)2018GuidanceEnglish
Gavi CCEOP Technology GuideGavi, the Vaccine Alliance2018GuidanceEnglish
General Procurement Guideline for Cold Chain EquipmentUNICEF2020GuidanceEnglish


Continuous Improvement & Planning

This multi-year strategic and operational plan is an innovative vehicle for strengthening the immunization supply chain that harnesses the vision of a country and their commitment to sustainable improvements.

Gestion efficace des vaccins - Comment élaborer un plan d’amélioration continue (cIP)UNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO)2018GuidanceFrench
How to Develop a Continuous Improvement Plan (cIP)UNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO)2018GuidanceArabic, English, French
How to develop a Continuous Improvement Plan (cIP) - Supplement 2: Situation analysisUNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO)2018GuidanceEnglish