Measuring health inequalities in the context of sustainable development goals

Author: Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Nicole Bergen, Anne Schlotheuber & John Grove


. Transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development promotes the improvement of health equity, which entails ongoing monitoring of health inequalities. The World Health Organization has developed a multistep approach to health inequality monitoring consisting of: (i) determining the scope of monitoring; (ii) obtaining data; (iii) analysing data; (iv) reporting results; and (v) implementing changes. Technical considerations at each step have implications for the results and conclusions of monitoring and subsequent remedial actions. This paper presents some technical considerations for developing or strengthening health inequality monitoring, with the aim of encouraging more robust, systematic and transparent practices. We discuss key aspects of measuring health inequalities that are relevant to steps (i) and (iii). We highlight considerations related to the selection, measurement and categorization of dimensions of health inequality, as well as disaggregation of health data and calculation of summary measures of inequality. Inequality monitoring is linked to health and non-health aspects of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, and strong health inequality monitoring practices can help to inform equity-oriented policy directives.


Type Journal article
Language English
Country Not Specified
PubMed URL
Journal Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Volume 2018;96:654-659. doi:
Publisher WHO
Year 2018
Added by Hemanthi
Added on 2 October 2018 06:39:54
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