Target Software Standards for Vaccine Supply Chain Information Systems

This is a global standards document for immunisation supply chain (iSC) information systems. The objectives of this Target Software Standards (TSS) are to ensure countries have access to:

1. Best-in-Class digital LMIS that meet the unique needs of the iSC and a country’s particular supply chain design and strategy;

2. Choice in software hosting, administration, and value-added business intelligence services;

3. A range of cost models that enable cost-benefit analysis of different solutions and sustainable total cost of ownership.

While the TSS is focused on vaccines by encompassing cold chain equipment and temperature monitoring data, the standards can be applied to any other pharmaceutical products that requires an LMIS. Gavi has collaborated with The Global Fund and other development partners to ensure that the TSS supports essential medicines, programme products, and diagnostic supplies in the Global Health supply chain.

Countries are encouraged to use the Target Software Standards when determining their LMIS needs and seeking off-the-shelf software, or in guiding upgrades to existing systems. Software suppliers are encouraged to use the TSS to inform their software development roadmap priorities to ensure their product supports the range of features called for in the TSS.


  • English

Publication year



Gavi Secretariat




  • Supply chain & logistics


  • Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance


  • Data reporting
  • Distribution system
  • ICT
  • LMIS
  • Software
  • vLMIS

Topic references


Common Requirements for Logistics Management Information SystemsPATH, Public Health Informatics Institute, Rockefeller Foundation2010GuidanceEnglish
Country Guidance on Selecting LMISGavi, the Vaccine Alliance, The Global Fund2019GuidanceEnglish
Critical success factors for deploying digital LMISDrury Consulting, JSI, VaxTrac, VillageReach2017GuidanceEnglish
Digital Principles Maturity Matrix for Program Design and Proposal EvaluationPrinciples for Digital Development2017ToolEnglish
GUIDE PAYS POUR LA SELECTION DE SIGL (Systèmes D’Information pour la Gestion Logistique)Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, The Global Fund2019GuidanceFrench
Target Software Standards for Vaccine Supply Chain Information SystemsGavi, the Vaccine Alliance2018GuidanceEnglish